3D printing allows architectural structures to subvert traditional architectural concepts, unlike traditional linear buildings, where 3D printing creates curvilinear buildings. In addition, for the construction of cultural relics repair and reproduction, 3D printing to meet the requirements of customization, but also another to meet the characteristics of construction needs.
However, the 3D printing technology, as we usually know, is used in the field of architecture, referring to the technology of direct printing of cement concrete. And 3D printing another technology, 3DP adhesive spray technology, which is characterized by industrial efficiency, speed, high precision, coupled with allowing large size printing, you can say that 3DP technology and building a lot of integration.
PMMA 3D: 3Dion and Voxeljet print Vitebsk completed copy of the Cologne Cathedral figures
Cologne Cathedral is located in Cologne, Germany, a Catholic cathedral, is a symbol of Cologne City building. In all churches, it is 157 meters high, ranking second in Germany (second only to the Cathedral of Ulm in Ulm), the world third. On the scale, it is the largest church in northern europe. Set magnificent and delicate in one, it is known as the Gothic church building in the most perfect example. It was founded in 1248, spent more than 600 years of construction, the project on 1880 to the Kaiser William I declared completed, still continue to repair project.
Renovation and maintenance of Cologne Cathedral is a huge project, and in recent years, construction maintenance budget is six to seven million euros per year. About 60% of the money comes from the Zentral Dombau Verein (central Cathedral building society, -ZDV). The association has been in existence since 1842 and has played an important role in the completion of the cathedral building in the nineteenth century.
In more than 100 church repair staff, there are about 80 maintenance craftsmen including masons, carpenters, blacksmiths, metal industry, glass, glass, glass painter painter, Goldsmith, repair, maintenance, roof electrician; the remaining 20 employees work in the science department.
To thank donors for the renovation fund, ZDV invited about 100 people to thank all the customers for their generous patronage to repair the damage caused by war and weathering to the Cologne cathedral. Each donor received a special gift from ZDV: a high quality 3D print, a replica of the Cologne cathedral.
These copies of the production from 3Dion and Voxeljet vuitier cooperation. First, they scan each sculpture through the Steinbichler 3D scanner, then scale down the model through a company in Cologne, 3D Scanworks, and get the final 3D model.
In the last step, all 108 copies completed the 3D print at the end of the week. Through the voxeljet 3D printer VX1000 (vuitier construction space: 1000 x 600 x 500 mm), in a short period of 31 hours to complete the 3D print.
The material used for the printing is PMMA, which reproduces the visual perception of the sandstone in the sculpture. Upon completion of printing, these copies are sent to be cleaned, and then surface infiltrated and impregnated with epoxy resin.
3D print PMMA for precision casting: the rebirth of Lambert Cathedral
Many Europeans still cherish the memory of Lambert’s destruction of the cathedral during the Belgian L ttich revolution. By 3D printing ratio of 1:100 bronze model, to some extent, to save a lot of people’s psychological regret. This model is completed by voxeljet vuitier service center after printing, obtained by precision casting.
The bronze model is on a platform 1.2 meters high, with a height of 1.35 meters, a width of 1 meters, a length of 2 meters, and a weight of about 600 kilograms. Designer Pierre Jacob is the first model of the existing wooden church model 3D scanning, get the original copy of the true and reliable, then with the help of the software, completed according to the historical data for the details of the modification and reconstruction.
Through the voxeljet vuitier service center, the size of Model 2000 x 1000 x 1350 print mm, PMMA material model weighs about 51kg, contains 80 independent models, print time is 5 hours.
After obtaining the precise casting mold of PMMA material, the investment in the next step is made. Finally, a bronze model with a 1:100 ratio is obtained.
Sand house: 3D printer prints out the “entire house”
3DP printing technology has become an integral part of the construction industry, originally used to produce demonstration models, and later, “whimsical” who used to create a living space.
Peter Ebner, an architect from Austria, has given 3D print houses an advanced design philosophy: living space is minimal to a minimum of only a few square meters and a height of about three meters. Now, these houses will be printed in Germany voxeljet vuitier service center.
The house was typed at a time, including toilets, kitchens, furniture. Although this is not a normal size of the house, but it is small but dirty sparrow. And a key question is: what kind of 3D printer can produce such a large size of printed objects? Among them is the world’s largest 3DP technology 3D printer: VX4000.
The house is made up of two pieces of sand mold, and the VX4000 equipment is huge in shape, occupying 25 meters per meter, 12 meters in plane and 4.5 meters in height. The 3D printer spent 60 hours printing two pieces of the house, with a total cost of about 60000 euros, and the house weighed about two tons. And comply with all requirements of architect about housing load and safety.
PMMA is covered with metal: metal textured free curve walls
In the world of architecture, there are a group of more open artists, and the use of 3DP technology in decorative walls is a bold and effective idea. Because it combines several advantages of 3DP Technology: large size, high precision, complex free surface, industrial efficiency.
Which play more High is the American designer Ioan Florea, he printed out by voxeljet vuitier VX4000 equipment will be full of his unique sense of design and color design with spectacular walls, these walls contains the design of free form the traditional manufacturing process difficult to achieve.
Seems to be that the white PMMA material is not enough, showing the Florea design “Crazy”, and the artists covered the walls with liquid metal. As a result, the entire wall appears to have been made of molten metal.